Take a closer look at a selection of major cities and places in England.
Are you going to Scarborough Fair?
Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme
Remember me to one who lives there
For once she was a true love of mine
- From which song are the lines above known?
- What or where is Scarborough Fair?
- Do you know who is most famous for performing the song?
You may listen to the song here: Scarborough Fair
This is a beautiful city, steeped in history, with an impressive cathedral, medieval walls and narrow streets. The city of 200,000 inhabitants attracts people from all over the world. It was an important Roman town named Eboracum. The foundations of the Roman fortress can be seen under today’s cathedral or York Minster, as it is called. Later on the Vikings took over and called the city Jorvik. A reconstruction of the Viking city with all its noise and smells can be seen today underneath the modern shopping centre where the remains of the original town were found. The Vikings also left their mark behind in the names of the streets, e.g. Stonegate, Petergate and Fossgate.
More traces of history are to be found in the Norman castle, Clifford’s Tower, The Shambles, an area of butcher’s shops in medieval times, and the many narrow streets of medieval and Tudor houses.
If you are not interested in history, there are many cafés and pubs and boat trips on the River Ouse. York also has a university and many science and technology companies have established themselves nearby.
It was an important port city for 200 years, trading in goods from the Caribbean and America. It was one of the ports of the triangle trade involving African slaves. 9 million emigrants travelled to America from here. The port declined from the 1970s and there was a lot of unemployment and deterioration in the city. In the 1960s and 1970s, Liverpool was the centre of the Mersey Sound with groups like Gerry and the Pacemakers with their hit "Ferry Cross the Mersey" and above all, the Beatles. In 1992, the docklands were restored and today Albert Dock appears as one of the top tourist attractions along with the city's two famous football clubs, Liverpool FC and Everton. Liverpool
The Yorkshire Moors and Yorkshire Dales with their beautiful countryside are popular holiday areas for walking and potholing. Close by there are also the large industrial and commercial towns of Leeds, the UK's third largest city, and Sheffield and Bradford. Bradford has a large immigrant population where they have their own variant of English. Look in the cutlery drawer at home and you will see what Sheffield is famous for. The Yorkshire landscape has often appeared in films and TV series. Can you name any of them?
Situated in the Midlands, this is Britain’s second largest city and the centre of industry. It was known as “the Workshop of the World” after the Industrial Revolution and today is an important commercial centre. People from here are known as “Brummies”.
Here we find England’s second oldest university, which was founded in 1209. It is an important centre for research and learning. The area around Cambridge is well-known today for high technology industry and is often referred to as “Silicon Fen”. Cambridge
Newcastle Upon Tyne
Originally, a Roman settlement at the east end of Hadrian’s Wall, it later became an important city for the wool trade, shipbuilding and coal mining. Today, these trades have declined and it has become a business centre. People from the area around Newcastle are known as “Geordies”. Car ferries from Norway used to dock here.
A seaside and holiday town on the south-east coast, Brighton became popular in the 18th century as a health resort. You might be surprised when you see the exotic Indian architecture of the Royal Pavilion, a royal palace built in the early 19th century.
The city developed as an important centre for the textile industry, using imported cotton. Most of you will know it for its two famous football teams, Manchester United and Manchester City. Manchester
It was founded by the Romans and lies on the River Thames. Today it is important world-wide as a financial, business and cultural centre. Millions of tourists visit it every year and in 2012 it will host the Summer Olympic Games. London
You have probably seen a picture of this site at one time or another. It must be one of the most photographed places in Britain, having hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. There is a fascination in these enormous stones. What were they used for? Who built the circle? How did they build it?
Stonehenge stands on Salisbury Plain in south-west England, in an area which has many Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments including over 300 burial mounds. The construction of the monument started about 3000 BC and continued in several stages. Some of the huge stones weigh up to 50 tons each. Many of them were transported hundreds of miles to the site.
Today the site attracts neo- druids and followers of New Age philosophy for ritual celebrations, especially at the summer and winter solstices, but access to it is strictly controlled.
This county in the south-west of England has both a north and a south coast. There are many seaside towns which are popular with tourists. The main city is Exeter. Inland, we find the national parks of Dartmoor and Exmoor with their wild landscapes. Keen bird watchers find lots to interest them in this area.
Construction was started by the emperor Hadrian in AD122. It stretches from the east to the west coast and was built to prevent the Scottish tribes from attacking the Roman settlements, or some think it may just have been Hadrian’s way of showing how important he was and that he had Britain under his control. The Romans also built a wall across the narrowest part of Scotland at one time, but Hadrian’s Wall was the main northern boundary of the Roman Empire and is the wall which we can still see parts of today.
Places in England
Can you identify the places from their descriptions?
1. Based on the information in the texts, where would you go if you were interested in (there can be more than one answer):
b. outdoor activities
c. a seaside holiday
e. culture e.g. music, theatre etc.
f. former centres of industry
g. a student environment
(Choose from: York, Liverpool, Yorkshire, Birmingham, Cambridge, Newcastle, Brighton, Manchester, London, Stonehenge, Devon, and/or Hadrian’s Wall.)
a. York, Stonehenge, Hadrian’s Wall, London.
b. Yorkshire, Devon
c. Brighton, Devon
d. Manchester, Liverpool
e. London, Liverpool
f. Birmingham, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Manchester.
2. Choose the two places that you think would be the most interesting to visit. In pairs or small groups talk about the places you have chosen and why you chose them.
An Introduction to EnglandKjernestoff
An Introduction to ScotlandKjernestoff
A Closer Look at ScotlandKjernestoff
An Introduction to WalesKjernestoff
A Closer Look at WalesKjernestoff
An Introduction to Northern IrelandKjernestoff
A Closer Look at Northern IrelandKjernestoff
An Introduction to IrelandKjernestoff
Easy Text - The UKTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Easy Text - An Intro. to EnglandTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
The North - South DivideTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
The Faces of LondonTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Easy Text - An intro. to ScotlandTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Bobby - the Faithful Dog from EdinburghTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Easy Text - An intro. to WalesTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Easy Text - An intro. to Northern IrelandTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
The Troubles, Introduction - Text in BriefTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
The Troubles, History - Text in BriefTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
The Troubles, 1960s to Today - Text in BriefTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
The Orange and the GreenTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Flags in Northern IrelandTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Radio Play: Into ExileTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Frank McCourt: Angela's AshesTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
UK Quiz - General KnowledgeKjernestoff
Task - Match place and descriptionKjernestoff
Plan a Holiday in ScotlandKjernestoff
Task: Bobby - the faithful dog...Kjernestoff
Northern Ireland QuizKjernestoff
Tasks - The TroublesKjernestoff
Tasks: Into ExileKjernestoff
Task: Molly MaloneKjernestoff
Quiz Molly MaloneKjernestoff
In the Name of the Father (film)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
The Englishman Who Went Up a Hill and Came Down a MountainTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
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