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Tasks: The Fight for Racial Equality

LK20
The Black Lives Matter mural on the road to the White House, as seen by the Planet Labs satellite orbiting overhead.

Satellite photo of a Black Lives Matter mural on the road to the White House.

Vocabulary:

This is a list of words that are often used when talking about racial discrimination. Some of them refer to the same thing or are more or less interchangeable.

Go through the list and find good definitions of the words. Then compare and discuss your answer with a partner.

  • bigotry

  • individual racism

  • institutional racism

  • structural racism

  • systemic racism

  • implicit bias

  • unconscious bias

  • hidden bias

  • prejudice

  • white privilege

  • racial equity

  • white fragility

  • anti-racist

  • micro-aggression

Class project:

Many events have preceded the founding of the #BlackLivesMatter movement.

In groups, go through the timeline below to get a fuller understanding of the civil rights struggle leading up to the #BlackLivesMatter movement. Each group focuses on one time period. As you explore the timeline, take notes on the important people, protests, and events that you find described. Point out:

  • three major events that took place during 'your' time period

  • what changes the activists demanded?


Time periods:

  • 1954 -1964

  • 1965 - 1969

  • 1970 - 1989

  • 1990 - 2009

  • 2010 - 2020

When you have finished, go through your findings in class.

Link to timeline: Black Lives Matter, the killing of George Floyd, and the long fight for racial justice (cdn.knightlab.com)


Research 1:

A chart showing the number of people who are shot and killed by police in the United States. The chart shows that there are 31 deaths per million Black people, 23 killed per million people of Hispanic background, there are 13 killed per million white people, while among other groups there are 4 killed per million people. The total number of deaths among black people are 1301, among Hispanic 907, among White 2499, and among other groups 220.

Police shootings in the United States, by race

Every year, more than a thousand people are killed by police in the United States, many of them unarmed. Numbers show that Black Americans are disproportionately affected by police violence.

Find out more about police killings in the United States and possible solutions to the problem. What is Campaign Zero, and how does the organisation work? Can better police training change the situation?

We have provided you with three sources, but you should also find other sources that are relevant.

Link to Campaign Zero (joincampaignzero.org)
Link to CBS News: 'Some U.S. police train for just a few weeks, in some countries they train for years.' (cbsnews.com)
Link to BBC News: 'How US police training compares with the rest of the world.' (bbc.com)

Discuss your findings in class.

Research 2:

#BlackLivesMatter went viral in 2013 after the acquittal of George Zimmerman in the shooting death of Trayvon Martin. Not long after, another slogan emerged: 'All Lives Matter'.

Do some research into the background of this slogan. Use the quotations below as a starting point and find more information on the internet.

What was the original meaning of the 'All Lives Matter' slogan? Why do people use this expression? Why is it regarded as offensive by many African Americans? To what extent can we say that these two slogans represent some of the divisiveness we see in American society today?

Discuss your findings in class.

Quotations: Black Lives Matter vs All Lives Matter
  • "Black lives are too often taken not to matter. (...) Black people are far too readily denied decent education and employment, stopped and frisked, apprehended, incarcerated, criminalized, animalized, killed." (Professor David Theo Goldberg)

  • "Black Lives Matter is a divisive and racist term." (Former President Donald Trump)

  • "People say all lives matter. And that's true, but it's just black people that are getting shot in the back running or choked to death for having cigarettes or playing their music too loud." (Ras Baraka, Mayor of Newark, New Jersey)

  • "I think that the reason that the organizers used the phrase Black Lives Matter was not because they were suggesting that no one else's lives matter ... rather what they were suggesting was there is a specific problem that is happening in the African-American community that's not happening in other communities." (Former President Barack Obama)

  • "It's inherently racist because, number one, it divides us ... All lives matter: White lives, black lives, all lives ... Black Lives Matter never protests when every 14 hours somebody is killed in Chicago, probably 70 - 80% of the time a black person. Where are they then? Where are they when a young black child is killed?" (Rudy Giuliani, the former New York mayor and lawyer to President Trump).

Make a presentation:

Make a presentation about one of the following topics. Present your findings in a recording, a film, or a classroom presentation.

  1. Find information and statistics about social conditions in the United States and compare the situation for different ethnic groups. (Possible search queries: 'unemployment by race', 'poverty by race', 'incarceration by race' ...) Discuss how social inequality can lead to uprisings and protests.

  2. Discuss the role of social media in grassroots movements like #BlackLivesMatter. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using social media in these movements? Your presentation should include references to other grassroots movements, and discuss whether their use of social media has been a success or not (e.g. Arab Spring, Occupy Wall Street, #Metoo.)

  3. Use the timeline below and pick an event, an individual, or an organisation that interests you. Do research and make a presentation.
    Link to timeline: Black Lives Matter, the killing of George Floyd, and the long fight for racial justice (cdn.knightlab.com)


Write:

Colin Kaepernick taking a knee. A black man lies shot and dead beside him. A white middle age man points at Colin Kaepernick, telling him that taking a knee is offensive.

Colin Kaepernick taking a knee

  1. After Colin Kaepernick decided to take a knee during the national anthem, many people called him unpatriotic and accused him of disrespecting the American flag. Use the following political cartoon by Drew Sheneman as a starting point for a text where you discuss the message the artist is trying to convey.

  2. Write an expository essay where you describe the background for the #BlackLivesMatter movement, the results it has achieved, and the controversies it has faced.

  3. Imagine you are an African American teenager who is witnessing, first-hand, the murder of George Floyd. Naturally, this has a profound effect on you, and you want to find a way to express your grief and frustration.

    Write a letter to your local newspaper where you express these feelings. Try to include comparable incidents (e.g. the murder of Breanna Taylor or Eric Garner) to add weight to your arguments.

  4. A letter to the editor protesting to the honouring of George Floyd

    The killing of George Floyd

    In the picture to the left, and in an expandable box below, you will see an example of a letter to the editor. This letter to the editor was published in the Port Charlotte Sun newspaper on 28 May, 2021. Write a text where you discuss what its contents say about the fragmentation we see in America today.




Transcript of the letter to the editor (Write: task 1)

George Floyd not someone to honor.


Editor:
Your May 26th headline reads ‘rally to honor George Floyd a year later-‘ Really? Just who is George Floyd, and who did they honor? Let’s see. Six burglaries, three car thefts, multiple illegal trespasses, cocaine and alcohol addiction, two violent home invasions, three armed robberies, dealing fentanyl and meth, beating four victims senseless and being arrested 23 times since 1998. Did he deserve to die? Absolutely not. But honor him? Again, absolutely not. I hope we honor and kneel to our military veterans for their sacrifices on Memorial Day and that they get the same headline in your paper. I will wait to see.







Sist oppdatert 04.06.2021
Skrevet av Anders Auberg og Karin Søvik

Læringsressurser

Democracy and Human Rights