Hopp til innhold

  1. Home
  2. EngelskChevronRight
  3. Working with GrammarChevronRight
  4. Adverbs/AdverbialsChevronRight
SubjectMaterialFagstoff

Fagartikkel

Adverbs/Adverbials

Words Wordle
Words Wordle

Adverb is the name of a word class; adverbial is the name of a clause element (‘setningsledd’). A modifier is part of a clause element.

An adverbial

  • may describe the action expressed in the verb.
    He speaks French fluently.
    She was warmly allowed into the house.
  • may give the speaker’s view on a situation.
    Luckily
    , all the students passed their exams.
    This is obviously not enough
    .
  • may refer to the connection between sentences in a text.
    Furthermore, the team had played an excellent away game.
    Nothing, however, will convince me to change my mind.



A modifier

  • may give the degree of an adjective head.
    The house was extremely nice.
    The captain was badly shaken.
  • may give the degree of an adverb head.
    She speaks Norwegian very well.
    Quite soon, a crowd had gathered outside.

Adverbs in general

Adverbs often end in –ly and are then formed from an adjective:
perfect - perfectly, nice - nicely, probable - probably

Many adverbs have no ending:
often, seldom, never, always

If an adjective ends in –y, the –y turns into an –i when the adjective forms an adverb.
easy - easily, lucky - luckily

Regular comparison

Adverbs consisting of one syllable have the ending –er in the comparative and –est in the superlative.

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
fast faster fastest
hard harder hardest



Adverbs consisting of more than one syllable are compared by using more in the comparative and most in the superlative.

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
nicely more nicely most nicely
quietly more quietly most quietly

Irregular comparison

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
well better best
far farther farthest
far further furthest
badly worse worst
little less least
much more most

Placement

Adverbials that refer to how an action is carried out are placed in front of the main verb or at the end of the clause. Adverbials of frequency are placed in front of the main verb.

  • ‘I like it’, she answered enthusiastically.
  • They slowly walked over to the shop.
  • I seldom go to the cinema


Adverbials that give the speaker’s view of a situation are typically placed first or early in the clause.

  • Luckily, all the students passed their exam.
  • This is obviously not enough.


Adverbials that link the sentences in texts together are placed first or early in the clause.

  • Furthermore, the team had played an excellent game.


Modifiers of adjectives and adverbs are placed immediately in front of the head.

  • The house was extremely nice.
  • Quite soon a crowd had gathered outside.


If the adverbial is a long phrase or clause, it is placed first if it gives the background, the setting for the rest of the clause, but last if it provides the new information. See "the information principle" at 4C - The Clause Level.

How did you recognize your father? I recognised him by his funny walk.

Every Saturday our neighbour washes his car and takes the family for a ride.

Læringsressurser

Working with Grammar

Hva er kjernestoff og tilleggsstoff?
SubjectEmne

Læringssti

SubjectEmne

Fagstoff

  • Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Descriptive Language

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Formal and Informal Language

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Working with Projects - Grammar Checklist

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Interrogative Pronouns

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Text Cohesion

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Verbal Nouns (ing-form)

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
SubjectEmne

Oppgaver og aktiviteter

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Capitalize or not when used within a sentence?

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Homonyms (spelled alike)

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Pronouns, Advanced

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Relative Pronouns 2

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Tricky Words in English - (Spelling)

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Some or Any

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Styles of Writing - Tasks

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs, Multiple Choice

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs, Find Synonyms

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Vocabulary

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Restrictive relative clause or not?

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Noun, Verb, Adjective or Adverb?

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns: Test your knowledge

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Confusables

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Idioms - Multiple Choice

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the correct preposition 3

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the Correct Preposition

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the Correct Preposition

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Adverb or Adjective

    Tilleggsstoff
    AdditionalTilleggstoff