Adverb is the name of a word class; adverbial is the name of a clause element (‘setningsledd’). A modifier is part of a clause element.
- may describe the action expressed in the verb.
He speaks French fluently.
She was warmly allowed into the house.
- may give the speaker’s view on a situation.
Luckily, all the students passed their exams.
This is obviously not enough.
- may refer to the connection between sentences in a text.
Furthermore, the team had played an excellent away game.
Nothing, however, will convince me to change my mind.
- may give the degree of an adjective head.
The house was extremely nice.
The captain was badly shaken.
- may give the degree of an adverb head.
She speaks Norwegian very well.
Quite soon, a crowd had gathered outside.
Adverbs in general
Adverbs often end in –ly and are then formed from an adjective:
perfect - perfectly, nice - nicely, probable - probably
Many adverbs have no ending:
often, seldom, never, always
If an adjective ends in –y, the –y turns into an –i when the adjective forms an adverb.
easy - easily, lucky - luckily
Adverbs consisting of one syllable have the ending –er in the comparative and –est in the superlative.
Adverbs consisting of more than one syllable are compared by using more in the comparative and most in the superlative.
|nicely||more nicely||most nicely|
|quietly||more quietly||most quietly|
Adverbials that refer to how an action is carried out are placed in front of the main verb or at the end of the clause. Adverbials of frequency are placed in front of the main verb.
- ‘I like it’, she answered enthusiastically.
- They slowly walked over to the shop.
- I seldom go to the cinema
Adverbials that give the speaker’s view of a situation are typically placed first or early in the clause.
- Luckily, all the students passed their exam.
- This is obviously not enough.
Adverbials that link the sentences in texts together are placed first or early in the clause.
- Furthermore, the team had played an excellent game.
Modifiers of adjectives and adverbs are placed immediately in front of the head.
- The house was extremely nice.
- Quite soon a crowd had gathered outside.
If the adverbial is a long phrase or clause, it is placed first if it gives the background, the setting for the rest of the clause, but last if it provides the new information. See "the information principle" at 4C - The Clause Level.
How did you recognize your father? I recognised him by his funny walk.
Every Saturday our neighbour washes his car and takes the family for a ride.
Countable vs. Uncountable NounsKjernestoff
Verb conjugation (verbbøying)Kjernestoff
Using the -ing Form of VerbsKjernestoff
It vs. ThereKjernestoff
Linking words and phrasesKjernestoff
Anticipatory IT OR THEREKjernestoff
Definite / Indefinite ArticlesKjernestoff
Concord Between Subject and VerbalKjernestoff
Indefinite Pronouns and DeterminersKjernestoff
How to Work with InstructionsKjernestoff
It or ThereKjernestoff
Who and WhichKjernestoff
-ing Form of the VerbKjernestoff
The -ing Form not Used as a VerbKjernestoff
S in EndingsKjernestoff
To Do-Auxiliary VerbKjernestoff
To Do, to Be, to HaveKjernestoff
The Definite Article: TheKjernestoff
The Indefinite Articles: A/AnKjernestoff
Formal and Informal LanguageTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Working with Projects - Grammar ChecklistTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Verbal Nouns (ing-form)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Can you find the adjectives?Kjernestoff
Adverb or AdjectiveKjernestoff
Articles (More Advanced)Kjernestoff
Basic Grammar Terms - Drag and DropKjernestoff
Ing-form or Infinitive, TranslationKjernestoff
Ing-form or InfinitiveKjernestoff
It or There, TranslationKjernestoff
Choose between It and ThereKjernestoff
Nouns, Plural or SingularKjernestoff
Plural or SingularKjernestoff
Plural, Singular or Uncountable?Kjernestoff
Countables and UncountablesKjernestoff
Proper Nouns and Common Nouns 1Kjernestoff
Proper nouns and common nouns 2Kjernestoff
Task 1: PrepositionsKjernestoff
Task 2: PrepositionsKjernestoff
Who or Which?Kjernestoff
Possessive Pronoun QuizKjernestoff
Relative Pronouns 1Kjernestoff
Subject – Verb Agreement 1 (simple present)Kjernestoff
Subject - Verb Agreement 2 (simple present)Kjernestoff
The Present Continuous (-ing)Kjernestoff
Present Continuous or Simple Present?Kjernestoff
Text Cohesion - Linking Devices -Drag and DropKjernestoff
Text Cohesion, Linking Words - Drag and DropKjernestoff
Verbs: is or are?Kjernestoff
Conjugate These VerbsKjernestoff
Word Order TasksKjernestoff
Word Class, Drag and DropKjernestoff
Task: Was or Were?Kjernestoff
Ing-form or the Infinitive?Kjernestoff
Improving your language with adjectivesKjernestoff
Task: Fill in the AdverbsKjernestoff
Can you find the nouns?Kjernestoff
Match Idioms, English - NorwegianKjernestoff
Choose Between It and ThereKjernestoff
Has or Have?Kjernestoff
Articles - TranslationTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Capitalize or not when used within a sentence?TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Homonyms (spelled alike)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Relative Pronouns 2TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Tricky Words in English - (Spelling)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Some or AnyTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Styles of Writing - TasksTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Phrasal Verbs, Multiple ChoiceTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Phrasal Verbs, Find SynonymsTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Restrictive relative clause or not?TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Noun, Verb, Adjective or Adverb?TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Nouns: Test your knowledgeTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Idioms - Multiple ChoiceTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Choose the correct preposition 3TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Choose the Correct PrepositionTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Choose the Correct PrepositionTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Adverb or AdjectiveTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff