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Adjectives

An adjective is a word that gives more information about a noun or a pronoun. Simply put, adjectives are words that describe things.

Words

An adjective is a word that gives more information about a noun or a pronoun.

Examples:

  • equal opportunityequal says something about the noun opportunity
  • ordinary citizensordinary gives information about citizens
  • good solutionsgood gives information about solutions
  • something awfulawful gives more information about the pronoun something


Adjectives occur inside noun phrases typically before the head noun (* attribute function) or as subject predicatives in clauses. (** predicative function). Cf:.

  • These ordinary (*) citizens must be respected.
  • Only one solution was good. (**)

Comparison (‘gradbøying’)

Adjectives can be compared, and they have three forms.

Those consisting of one syllable are compared like this:

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
nice nicer nicest
small smaller smallest


We add the ending –(e)r in the comparative and –(e)st in the superlative.

Adjectives consisting of more than one syllable are compared by using more in the comparative and most in the superlative.

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
ordinary more ordinary most ordinary
special more special most special

Irregular comparison

Some adjectives have an irregular comparison:

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
good better best
bad/ill worse worst
far farther farthest
- further furthest
old older oldest
little less least


It is important to have a large set of adjectives in your active vocabulary. They make your own writing interesting to read because your description of people and things becomes varied, detailed and vivid.

If we want to refer to a group of people or the entire population of a country, we put the definite article in front. Concord must be plural if the nationality word is the subject. Cf.

The Greeks are proud of their cultural heritage. Do the French accept this compromise?

Remember to use an uppercase letter in all nationality words!

Task

Follow the link: Expressing Nationality

  • The card says: Africa
  • Fill out like this: African, an African

Here is a list you may want to read before you give it a try:

List

Country, Adjective, People

  1. Africa, African, an African
  2. America, American, an American
  3. Britain, British, a British person
  4. China, Chinese, a Chinese
  5. Denmark, Danish, a Dane
  6. England, English, an Englishman
  7. Finland, Finnish, a Finn
  8. France, French, a Frenchman
  9. Germany, German, a German
  10. Greece, Greek, a Greek
  11. Holland, Dutch, a Dutchman
  12. Ireland, Irish, an Irishman
  13. Israel, Israeli, an Israeli
  14. Italy, Italian, an Italian
  15. Japan, Japanese, a Japanese
  16. Norway, Norwegian, a Norwegian
  17. Pakistan, Pakistani, a Pakistani
  18. Poland, Polish, a Pole
  19. Russia, Russian, a Russian
  20. Scotland, Scottish/, a Scot
  21. Spain, Spanish, a Spaniard
  22. Sweden, Swedish, a Swede
  23. Switzerland, Swiss, a Swiss
  24. Turkey, Turkish, a Turk
  25. Vietnam, Vietnamese, a Vietnamese
  26. Wales, Welsh, a Welshman

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