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Anticipatory IT OR THERE

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IT

We use it when talking about the weather, time, measures and distance:
It is very cold tonight.

It functions as an anticipatory subject for
an infinitive: It is nice to work with you.
an -ing-form: It is good seeing you.
a finite clause: It is astonishing that he refused the offer.

THERE

We use there plus a form of to be when in Norwegian we want to say that something exists or is. If we can replace ’det er/det var (ikke)’ by ’det finnes/fantes (ikke)’, we must use there is/was (not) in English.

In such cases there is an anticipatory subject for the real subject (underlined in these examples), which brings something new into the text.

  • There is a snake in my garden.
  • There is a button on that machine which you can press.
  • There are many people here who can neither read nor write.

See the notes in section 4C also: 4C - The Clause Level

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Working with Grammar

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SubjectEmne

Læringssti

SubjectEmne

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    Adverbs/Adverbials

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    Descriptive Language

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    Formal and Informal Language

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    Working with Projects - Grammar Checklist

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    Interrogative Pronouns

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    Text Cohesion

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    Verbal Nouns (ing-form)

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SubjectEmne

Oppgaver og aktiviteter

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    Capitalize or not when used within a sentence?

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    Homonyms (spelled alike)

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    Pronouns, Advanced

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    Relative Pronouns 2

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    Tricky Words in English - (Spelling)

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    Some or Any

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    Styles of Writing - Tasks

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    Phrasal Verbs

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    Phrasal Verbs, Multiple Choice

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    Phrasal Verbs, Find Synonyms

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    Vocabulary

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    Restrictive relative clause or not?

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    Noun, Verb, Adjective or Adverb?

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    Nouns: Test your knowledge

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    Confusables

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    Idioms - Multiple Choice

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    Choose the correct preposition 3

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    Choose the Correct Preposition

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    Choose the Correct Preposition

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    Adverb or Adjective

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