Study the sentences below and notice the verb forms in bold type.
- American history is relatively short compared to that of nations in other parts of the world.
- Americans take great pride in their traditions.
- In the minds of most Americans their history dates back to the early days of the 17th century (the 1600s).
- The first English colonies were founded on the east coast.
- The Spanish settlements in the Southwest are a century older.
- The Native Americans can claim a presence on the continent that goes back at least 35,000 years.
Remember: There must always be concord between the subject and the verbal in English.
In the singular, regular verbs take an –s ending in the 3.person (cf. dates below).
All other regular present tense forms have the base form (cf. take below).
The verb BE has special forms. Study the table below.
- American history is ...
- Americans take ...
- In the minds of most Americans their history dates back...
- The first English colonies were founded ...
- The Spanish settlements in the Southwest are a ...
Rules of Concord
- If the subject consists of more than one word, it is the number in the head that determines the concord with the verbal.
- To decide whether to use the singular or the plural form of the verb, you can try to put in the pronouns it, he, she or they.
- Instead of American history, you can put in it, which gives is in the present tense.
- Instead of the first English colonies, you can put in they, which gives were in the past tense.
Learn this system for conjugating normal verbs and the auxiliary verbs (hjelpeverbene) DO, HAVE and BE in the present and past tenses.
Singular or Plural
It is often difficult to determine whether the head of the subject noun phrase is singular or plural:
In expressions of quantity we use the singular form, even if the subject is plural:
- Three multiplied by four equals/is twelve. (it is)
- Ten miles is about 16 kilometers. (it is)
Words ending with –body/-one
After words like everyone/-body, someone/-body, anyone/-body, no one/-body we always use the singular form of the verb. Each and every in subject position also take the singular form of the verb.
- Somebody is knocking on the door.
- Has anyone seen my wallet?
- Every doctor knows what to do in such circumstances.
There + singular or plural?
When we use there as an anticipatory subject in the beginning of a sentence, there must be concord between the verb and the following noun.
- There is only one car in the parking lot.
- There are many cars in the parking lot.
Countable vs. Uncountable NounsKjernestoff
Verb conjugation (verbbøying)Kjernestoff
Using the -ing Form of VerbsKjernestoff
It vs. ThereKjernestoff
Linking words and phrasesKjernestoff
Anticipatory It or ThereKjernestoff
Definite / Indefinite ArticlesKjernestoff
Indefinite Pronouns and DeterminersKjernestoff
It or ThereKjernestoff
Who and WhichKjernestoff
-ing Form of the VerbKjernestoff
The -ing Form not Used as a VerbKjernestoff
S in EndingsKjernestoff
To Do-Auxiliary VerbKjernestoff
To Do, to Be, to HaveKjernestoff
The Definite Article: TheKjernestoff
The Indefinite Articles: A/AnKjernestoff
Linking Words and PhrasesKjernestoff
Formal and Informal LanguageTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Working with Projects: Grammar ChecklistTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Verbal Nouns (ing-form)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Can you find the adjectives?Kjernestoff
Adverb or AdjectiveKjernestoff
Articles - TranslationKjernestoff
Basic Grammar TermsKjernestoff
Ing-form or Infinitive, TranslationKjernestoff
Ing-form or InfinitiveKjernestoff
It or There, TranslationKjernestoff
Choose between It and ThereKjernestoff
Nouns, Plural or SingularKjernestoff
Plural or SingularKjernestoff
Plural, Singular or Uncountable?Kjernestoff
Countables and UncountablesKjernestoff
Proper Nouns and Common Nouns 1Kjernestoff
Proper nouns and common nouns 2Kjernestoff
Task 1: PrepositionsKjernestoff
Task 2: PrepositionsKjernestoff
Who or Which?Kjernestoff
Possessive Pronoun QuizKjernestoff
Relative Pronouns 1Kjernestoff
Subject – Verb Agreement 1 (simple present)Kjernestoff
Subject - Verb Agreement 2 (simple present)Kjernestoff
The Present Continuous (-ing)Kjernestoff
Present Continuous or Simple Present?Kjernestoff
Text Cohesion - Linking Devices -Drag and DropKjernestoff
Text Cohesion, Linking Words - Drag and DropKjernestoff
Verbs: is or are?Kjernestoff
Conjugate These VerbsKjernestoff
Word Order TasksKjernestoff
Was or Were?Kjernestoff
Ing-form or the Infinitive?Kjernestoff
Improving your language with adjectivesKjernestoff
Task: Fill in the AdverbsKjernestoff
Can you find the nouns?Kjernestoff
Match Idioms, English - NorwegianKjernestoff
Choose Between It and ThereKjernestoff
Has or Have?Kjernestoff
Capitalize or not when used within a sentence?TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Homonyms (spelled alike)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Relative Pronouns 2TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Tricky Words in English - (Spelling)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Some or AnyTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Phrasal Verbs, Multiple ChoiceTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Phrasal Verbs, Find SynonymsTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Restrictive relative clause or not?TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Noun, Verb, Adjective or Adverb?TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Nouns: Test your knowledgeTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Idioms - Multiple ChoiceTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Choose the correct prepositionTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Choose the Correct PrepositionTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Choose the Correct PrepositionTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Adverb or AdjectiveTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Was or Were?TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Conjugate These VerbsTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Continuous Form (-ing)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
From Adjective to AdverbTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff