Study the sentences below and notice the verb forms in bold type.
- American history is relatively short compared to that of nations in other parts of the world.
- Americans take great pride in their traditions.
- In the minds of most Americans their history dates back to the early days of the 17th century (the 1600s).
- The first English colonies were founded on the east coast.
- The Spanish settlements in the Southwest are a century older.
- The Native Americans can claim a presence on the continent that goes back at least
Remember: There must always be concord between the subject and the verbal in English.
In the singular, regular verbs take an –s ending in the 3.person (cf. dates below).
All other regular present tense forms have the base form (cf. take below).
The verb BE has special forms. Study the table below.
- American history is ...
- Americans take ...
- In the minds of most Americans their history dates back...
- The first English colonies were founded ...
- The Spanish settlements in the Southwest are a ...
Rules of Concord
- If the subject consists of more than one word, it is the number in the head that determines the concord with the verbal.
- To decide whether to use the singular or the plural form of the verb, you can try to put in the pronouns it, he, she or they.
- Instead of American history, you can put in it, which gives is in the present tense.
- Instead of the first English colonies, you can put in they, which gives were in the past tense.
Learn this system for conjugating normal verbs and the auxiliary verbs (hjelpeverbene) DO, HAVE and BE in the present and past tenses.
Singular or Plural
It is often difficult to determine whether the head of the subject noun phrase is singular or plural:
In expressions of quantity we use the singular form, even if the subject is plural:
- Three multiplied by four equals/is twelve. (it is)
- Ten miles is about 16 kilometers. (it is)
Words ending with –body/-one
After words like everyone/-body, someone/-body, anyone/-body, no one/-body we always use the singular form of the verb. Each and every in subject position also take the singular form of the verb.
- Somebody is knocking on the door.
- Has anyone seen my wallet?
- Every doctor knows what to do in such circumstances.
There + singular or plural?
When we use there as an anticipatory subject in the beginning of a sentence, there must be concord between the verb and the following noun.
- There is only one car in the parking lot.
- There are many cars in the parking lot.
Anticipatory IT OR THEREKjernestoff
Definite / Indefinite ArticlesKjernestoff
Formal and Informal LanguageKjernestoff
Working with Projects - Grammar ChecklistKjernestoff
Indefinite Pronouns and DeterminersKjernestoff
How to Work with InstructionsKjernestoff
It or ThereKjernestoff
Metaphor and SimileKjernestoff
Verbs in the Present and Past TenseKjernestoff
Verbal Nouns (ing-form)Kjernestoff
Who and WhichKjernestoff
-ing Form of the VerbKjernestoff
The -ing Form not Used as a VerbKjernestoff
S in EndingsKjernestoff
To Do-Auxiliary VerbKjernestoff
To Do, to Be, to HaveKjernestoff
Adjectives - OppositesKjernestoff
Can you find the adjectives?Kjernestoff
Choose Your AdjectiveKjernestoff
Fun With AdjectivesKjernestoff
From Adjective to AdverbKjernestoff
Adverb or AdjectiveKjernestoff
Articles (More Advanced)Kjernestoff
The Definite ArticleKjernestoff
The Indefinite Article, 1Kjernestoff
The Indefinite Article, 2Kjernestoff
Articles - TranslationKjernestoff
Basic Grammar Terms - Drag and DropKjernestoff
Concord - Simple Present TenseKjernestoff
Countables and Uncountables 1Kjernestoff
Countables and Uncountables 2Kjernestoff
Determiners and PronounsKjernestoff
Has or have?Kjernestoff
Homonyms (spelled alike)Kjernestoff
Ing-form or Infinitive, TranslationKjernestoff
Ing-form or InfinitiveKjernestoff
Interrogative Pronouns, TranslationKjernestoff
It or There, TranslationKjernestoff
Choose Between It and ThereKjernestoff
Choose between It and There (2)Kjernestoff
Nouns and VerbsKjernestoff
Nouns, Plural or SingularKjernestoff
Plural or SingularKjernestoff
Plural, Singular or Uncountable?Kjernestoff
Countables and UncountablesKjernestoff
Proper Nouns and Common Nouns 1Kjernestoff
Proper nouns and common nouns 2Kjernestoff
Click on the Correct Preposition 1Kjernestoff
Click on the Correct Preposition 2Kjernestoff
Click on the correct preposition 3Kjernestoff
Choose the Correct Relative PronounKjernestoff
Possessive Pronoun QuizKjernestoff
Relative Pronouns 1Kjernestoff
Relative Pronouns 2Kjernestoff
Tricky Words in English - (Spelling)Kjernestoff
Some or AnyKjernestoff
Subject – Verb Agreement 1 (simple present)Kjernestoff
Subject - Verb Agreement 2 (simple present)Kjernestoff
Synonyms and Antonyms 2Kjernestoff
Fill in the continuous form (ing-form)Kjernestoff
The Present Continuous (-ing)Kjernestoff
Present Continuous or Simple Present?Kjernestoff
Styles of Writing - TasksKjernestoff
Text Cohesion - Linking Devices -Drag and DropKjernestoff
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Verbs: is or areKjernestoff
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Phrasal Verbs, Multiple ChoiceKjernestoff
Phrasal Verbs, Find SynonymsKjernestoff
Word Order TasksKjernestoff
Word Class, Drag and DropKjernestoff
Was or Were?Kjernestoff
Restrictive relative clause or not?Kjernestoff
Word Class, 1Kjernestoff
Noun, Verb, Adjective or Adverb?Kjernestoff
Task 39 (Adjective or Adverb)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff