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Rhythm (advanced)

Rhythm refers to the regular beat of the words in a poem. It is also a pattern the poet has arranged by way of stressed and unstressed syllables. Meter is counted in sets of two syllables, known as a foot.

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The four basic rhythms:


1 Iambic –metrical foot with two syllables, unstressed-stressed X /

Study the Poem Mending Wall (also with audio), by Robert Frost

http://poemshape.wordpress.com/2009/02/22/robert-frost-iambic-pentameter...

Stress

X

/

X

/

X

/

X

/

X

/

Syllable

Some

thing

there

is

that

does

not

love

a

wall,

that

sends

the

fro

zen

ground

swell

un

der

it

2 Trochaic – metrical foot with two syllables, stressed-unstressed /X

Study the poem The Raven, by Edgar Allen Poe

Stress

/

X

/

X

/

X

/

X

/

X

/

X

/

X

/

X

Syllable

Deep

in

to

that

dark

ness

peer

ing,

long

I

stood

there

won

dering,

fear

ing

3 Anapestic – metrical foot with three syllables, unstressed-unstressed-stressed XX/

Study the love poem Annabel Lee, by Edgar Allen Poe

http://www.thedatingadvisor.com/love-poem-annabelle-lee.html

Stress

X

X

/

X

X

/

X

X

/

X

X

Syllable

It

was

ma

ny

and

ma

ny

a

year

a

go

In

the

king

dom

by

the

sea

4 Dactylic- metrical foot with three syllables, stressed-unstressed-unstressed / X X

Study the introduction to the poem Evangeline, by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Stress

/

X

X

/

X

X

/

X

X

/

X

X

Syllable

This

is

the

for

est

prime

e

val,

the

mur

mur

ing

pines

and

the

hem

locks

Rhyme

Words rhyme when their ending sounds are repeated either at the end of a line, "end rhyme" or within the line which is called "internal rhyme".

Here is an example of end rhyme in the poem "There Will Come Soft Rains" by Sarah Teasdale

"There will come soft rains and the smell of the ground,
And swallows circling with their shimmering s
ound;…”

Study an example of internal rhyme in the poem Changes by Tupac Shakur
“…and only time we ch
ill is when we kill each other it takes skill to be real, time to heal each other…”

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Rhythm

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