Using information sources correctly is a necessary skill when being asked to prepare a report, write an essay or make a presentation. Books, newspapers and the internet are all examples of information sources and it is important to be aware of their use and limitations.
In this article you will find a description of how to use, evaluate and cite sources of information.
There are several styles of referencing. At upper secondary school, there are no rules as to which style should be used. What is important is that you stick to ONE style. Below is an example of a reference list.
Example of Reference List
Author/s, (Publication year) Title: Subtitle, Place published: Publisher
James, P.D. (2011) Death Comes to Pemberley, London: Faber and Faber Ltd. In text: (James, 2011)
Munro, A. (2012) Dear Life, London: Chatto & Windus
In text: (Munro, 2012)
Skifjeld, K., Rodgers, D., Sandor, C., Huseby E., and Løken, K.D. (2007) Global Paths, N.W. Damm & Son AS.
In text: (Skifjeld et al. 2007, p. 48)
Author/s / Organisation, (Year) Title of article, Date accessed at: full internet address
Sparknotes, Literature and Study Guides, (2013) Pride and Prejudice, Accessed January 8, 2014 at: http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/pride/
In text: (Sparknotes, Literature and Study Guides, 2013)
Journal / Magazine Article
Author/s of article, (Year) Article title, Journal title, volume(issue number), date, page number
Knowles, L. (2013) New beginnings: Stonehenge, English Heritage, October 2013, p. 18.
In text: (Knowles, 2013)
The Economist, (2013) The East is Grey, volume 408, (8848), August 10th - 16th, p. 17
Author/s of article, ( Year) Title of article. Newspaper title, date, page number.
Ackerman, S. and Roberts, D. (2014) NSA phone surveillance deemed illegal, The Guardian Weekly, 31 January - 6 February, p. 9.
In text: (Ackerman and Roberts, 2014)
News / Newspaper Article from the Internet
Author/s of article, (Year) Title of article, Newspaper title, Date, Date accessed at: full internet address
Hurley, D. (2014) Can Reading Make You Smarter?, The Guardian (Culture), 23 January, Accessed 28 January 2014 at: http://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/jan/23/can-reading-make-you-smarter In text: (Hurley, 2014)
Osborne, M. (2013) Death Comes to Pemberley: Darcy takes on murder mystery, BBC: News Entertainment and Arts, 20 December, Accessed January 8, 2014 at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-25262352
In text: (Osborne, 2013)
DO NOT CITE IN REFERENCE LIST, ONLY IN TEXT.
In text: C. Gardiner, English Teacher, said in class on 15 January 2014 that English is a Germanic language.
Author. (Year) Article title, Blog title, web log post, date, accessed date at: full internet address
Michaelson, A. (2014) BBC News; Social media transforms the textbook classroom, Teaching using web tools: Education, Lesson Plans, Technology blog, web log post, 31 January, Accessed 6 February 2014 at: http://annmic.wordpress.com/ In text: (Michaelson 2014)
In text: (Michaelson, 2014)
Photographer/Institution, (Year) Title, Accessed at: internet address
Dawson, L. (2008) RMIT University students show their collections at Melbourne Spring Fashion Week, Accessed 28 January at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/rmit/2965084995/
The short answer textKjernestoff
How to Improve Your EnglishKjernestoff
How to Search the InternetKjernestoff
How to Use Google Docs (Free Accounts)Kjernestoff
Written English ExamKjernestoff
Written Exam - PreparationKjernestoff
Introduction to Self-assessmentKjernestoff
The short answer taskKjernestoff
How to structure your textKjernestoff
A Step-by-Step Guide to Managing your TimeKjernestoff
Video: How do you manage your time?Kjernestoff
Suggested Year Plan, SFTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Suggested Year Plan, YFTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Alternative Year Plan (UK - Other Countries - USA)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Alternative Year Plan (USA - Other Countries - UK)TilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Tips for Learning EnglishKjernestoff
Oral Exam - PreparationKjernestoff
Comparing key termsKjernestoff
Interpreting short answer tasksKjernestoff
Planning your textKjernestoff
Listening activity: Conflict at workKjernestoff
Listening activity: New YorkKjernestoff
Check your understandingKjernestoff
Listening activity: Soul FoodKjernestoff
Oral Presentations - Assessment SheetKjernestoff
Written Tasks - Assessment SheetKjernestoff
Self-assessment - Basic Language SkillsKjernestoff
Self-assessment - MotivationKjernestoff
Self Assessment - Strengths and WeaknessesKjernestoff
Self-assessment - Vocabulary and GrammarKjernestoff
Strategies for ImprovementKjernestoff
Self-Assessment - GrammarTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Self Assessment - My Level of EnglishTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Self Assessment - ProjectsTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff