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Rhythm (advanced)

Rhythm refers to the regular beat of the words in a poem. It is also a pattern the poet has arranged by way of stressed and unstressed syllables. Meter is counted in sets of two syllables, known as a foot.

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The four basic rhythms:


1 Iambic –metrical foot with two syllables, unstressed-stressed X /

Study the Poem Mending Wall (also with audio), by Robert Frost

http://poemshape.wordpress.com/2009/02/22/robert-frost-iambic-pentameter...

StressX/X/X/X/X/
SyllableSomethingthereisthatdoesnotloveawall,
thatsendsthefrozengroundswellunderit

2 Trochaic – metrical foot with two syllables, stressed-unstressed /X

Study the poem The Raven, by Edgar Allen Poe

Stress/X/X/X/X/X/X/X/X
SyllableDeepintothatdarknesspeering,longIstoodtherewondering,fearing

3 Anapestic – metrical foot with three syllables, unstressed-unstressed-stressed XX/

Study the love poem Annabel Lee, by Edgar Allen Poe

http://www.thedatingadvisor.com/love-poem-annabelle-lee.html

StressXX/XX/XX/XX
SyllableItwasmanyandmanyayearago
Inthekingdombythesea

4 Dactylic- metrical foot with three syllables, stressed-unstressed-unstressed / X X

Study the introduction to the poem Evangeline, by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Stress / X X / X X / X X / X X
Syllable This is the for est prime e val, the mur mur ing
pines and the hem locks

Rhyme

Words rhyme when their ending sounds are repeated either at the end of a line, "end rhyme" or within the line which is called "internal rhyme".

Study an example of end rhyme in the poem There Will Come Soft Rains by Sarah Teasdale

"There will come soft rains and the smell of the ground,
And swallows circling with their shimmering sound;…”

Study an example of internal rhyme in the poem Changes by Tupac Shakur
“…and only time we chill is when we kill each other it takes skill to be real, time to heal each other…”

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Rhythm

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