The United States was often described as a "melting pot". What ideas come to mind when you think of the word "melting"?
As immigrants from all over the world were arriving in the United States it forced the leaders to begin thinking of how these people would become part of the new nation. How should they become Americans? Massive immigration led to the biggest question of all : “What is an American?” And perhaps the most famous answer to that question was given by Crèvecoeur, a Frenchman, in 1783: "Here individuals of all races are melted into a new race of men”. More than a century later these same
ideas were expressed in the myth of “the melting pot.”
- races = folkegrupper
- melt = smelte
- century = århundre/hundreår
- express = uttrykke
- myth = myte
- How would you define the word "American"?
- How was it described in 1783?
The term came from a play written in 1908, which showed how people from different nations were melted together and born again as Americans. Most immigrants left behind their culture, traditions and language and started a new "American" life. Some people went so far as to change their name so they would blend in more with the people.
- a play = et skuespill/ eit skodespel
- blend in = gå over i hverandre/gå over i kvarandre
- What does the term "melting pot" mean?
- What is the purpose of changing one's name? Can you think of examples of how it would help the immigrant?
The Immigrant Experience
The move from one country to another is not always easy. Immigrants often felt as if they had been "uprooted" and "transplanted". These words described the negative sides of the immigrant experience. They felt torn between two worlds. Which world should they call home? The result is a flow of emotions from joy to guilt. Yet, as with most things, time heals and the immigrant experience turns into a positive one.
- experience = opplevelse/oppleving
- emotion = følelse
- torn between = revet mellom/riven mellom
- guilt = skyld/skuld
- heal = helbrede/lækje
- What do you think is meant by the words “uprooted” and “transplanted” in connection with immigration? Look them up in the dictionary.
- What negative experiences can you think of that a new immigrant might have?
- What would you call "home" if you were an immigrant?
- Why would an immigrant feel guilt?
A Positive Outlook
Today's outlook is much brighter. Immigrants have the advantage of having two cultural traditions and people now see this as a new and exciting ethnic experience. The immigrant no longer feels the need to have to leave their culture and identity behind.They can have both. Their two worlds can blend together rather than remain separate.
- advantage = fordel
- blend together = gå over i hverandre/gå over i kvarandre
1. What might be some advantages of having two cultural traditions?
Salad Bowl and Pizza
Positive terms used today to describe this blend of people are "salad bowl" and "pizza". Both of these foods are made of several ingredients either mixed together in a bowl or held together by dough. Today the Italian immigrant arrives and remains Italian while living alongside Irish, Polish, Russian and other immigrants. It is the blending of these nationalities that gives America its flavor. Immigrants are proud of their heritage and even prouder that the nation of America has welcomed them.
- dough = deig
- flavor = smak, krydder
- What are the two positive terms used today to describe the immigrant experience?
- What does "giving America flavor" mean?
Tasks and Activities
Comprehension and Vocabulary
- With a partner discuss the three terms: melting pot, salad bowl and pizza. How do they differ? Which term do you think best describes the US today?
- What ingredients would you put in a salad or pizza? Perhaps draw a picture and label each of the parts.
- Imagine leaving your home country and immigrating to the US. What are some things you could do to learn how to become an American? And what traditions/culture from your homeland would you take along with you?
Immigration and PopulationKjernestoff
Waves of ImmigrationKjernestoff
Melting Pot and Salad BowlKjernestoff
On the Way to the Melting PotKjernestoff
Immigrants and RefugeesKjernestoff
Carl Sandburg: ChicagoKjernestoff
Native Americans TodayKjernestoff
Native Americans - Forced RemovalKjernestoff
Native Americans - The Trail of TearsKjernestoff
The Bean Trees (Novel Excerpt)Kjernestoff
The Last Leaf (Short Story)Kjernestoff
The Kite Runner (Novel Excerpt)Kjernestoff
Harrison Bergeron (Radio Play)Kjernestoff
Easy text - Immigration and PopulationTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
African Americans TodayTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Easy text - Native AmericansTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
In Pursuit of a DreamTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Task 1 - Immigration and PopulationKjernestoff
Task 2 - Immigration and PopulationKjernestoff
Task - Waves of ImmigrationKjernestoff
Task - The Melting PotKjernestoff
Task 1 - African Americans TodayKjernestoff
Task 2 - African Americans TodayKjernestoff
Task - Native Americans TodayKjernestoff
Task - Native Americans - Ancestral VoicesKjernestoff
Tasks - Tony's StoryKjernestoff
Sherman Alexie: Missed ConnectionsKjernestoff
Tasks - The Bean TreesKjernestoff
Multiple Choice task - The Bean TreesKjernestoff
Tasks - The Last LeafKjernestoff
Multiple choice task -The Last LeafKjernestoff
Multiple choice task - The Kite RunnerKjernestoff
Tasks - Harrison BergeronKjernestoff
Comprehension task - Harrison BergeronKjernestoff
Why the North Star Stands StillTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff
Interview with Sherman AlexieTilleggsstoffTilleggsstoff