Skip to content

  1. Home
  2. EngelskChevronRight
  3. Working with GrammarChevronRight
  4. Verbal Nouns (ing-form)ChevronRight
SubjectMaterialFagstoff

Fagartikkel

Verbal Nouns (ing-form)

A verbal noun (using the ing-form) has the same function as a noun, even though it looks like a verb. It corresponds to an infinitive: (det å kjøre på glatte veier er…) or a that-clause in Norwegian. It functions as a noun and can have the same clause functions as a regular noun.

Alfabetet

This means that a verbal noun can be the subject, the direct object the complement of a preposition etc. The –ing-forms below are in bold:

Driving on icy roads is a risky affair. (‘(det) å kjøre på glatte veier er en vanskelig sak’)
I hate having to pretend that I enjoy such shows. (‘jeg hater å late som om jeg liker slike
show’)
The problem is finding enough people to support us. (‘problemet er å finne nok folk til å
støtte oss’)
You’ll help him by doing small repair work in his house. (‘du hjelper ham ved å gjøre små
reparasjoner i huset hans’)

Preposition + verbal nouns (-ing-form)

In Norwegian we use both the infinitive and at-clauses after prepositions. In English we have to have a verbal noun, i.e. an -ing-form.



Study these sentences:


  • They look forward to meeting their friends.
  • I am not used to working so hard.
  • I am interested in learning to dance.
  • He often talks about going abroad.


Verbal nouns after certain verbs

A number of verbs are followed by an -ing-form, for instance:



admit -tillate, avoid -unngå, delay -forsinke, deny -benekte, dislike-mislike, enjoy -like, finish -avslutte, keep -holde/holde på med, mind - bry seg om, practise -praktisere, risk -risikere, can't stand -ikke like/tåle, can't help -ikke kunne noe for.



  • Do you mind passing me the salt?
  • I dislike hearing you say that.
  • I avoid crossing the street at this time.


Verbal nouns in fixed expressions

Some expressions are always followed by a verbal noun e.g. busy, no good, no use, worth



  • The castle is worth seeing.
  • He was busy making coffee.
  • It's no use/no good crying any more.

Learning content

Working with Grammar

What is core content and additional content?
SubjectEmne

Læringssti

SubjectEmne

Fagstoff

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Adjectives

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Positive, Comparative and Superlative of Adjectives

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Positive, Comparative and Superlative of Adverb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Anticipatory IT OR THERE

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Definite / Indefinite Articles

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Capital Letters

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Concord Between Subject and Verbal

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Concord

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Indefinite Pronouns and Determiners

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    How to Work with Instructions

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    It or There

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    About Nouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Capital Letters

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Nouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Pronouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Relative Pronouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Verb Tense

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Who and Which

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Word Order

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Word Order

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    -ing Form of the Verb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The -ing Form not Used as a Verb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    S in Endings

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    To Do-Auxiliary Verb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    To Do, to Be, to Have

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Definite Article: The

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Indefinite Articles: A/An

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Prepositions

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Adverbs

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Adverbs/Adverbials

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Descriptive Language

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Formal and Informal Language

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Working with Projects - Grammar Checklist

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Interrogative Pronouns

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Text Cohesion

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
SubjectEmne

Oppgaver og aktiviteter

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Can you find the adjectives?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Adverb or Adjective

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Articles (More Advanced)

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Basic Grammar Terms - Drag and Drop

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Concord, 2

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Ing-form or Infinitive, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Ing-form or Infinitive

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    It or There, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose between It and There

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns, Plural or Singular

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Plural or Singular

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Plural, Singular or Uncountable?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Countables and Uncountables

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Proper Nouns and Common Nouns 1

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Proper nouns and common nouns 2

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task 1: Prepositions

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task 2: Prepositions

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Reflexive Pronouns

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Who or Which?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Possessive Pronoun Quiz

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Pronouns, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Relative Pronouns 1

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    The Present Continuous (-ing)

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Verbs: is or are?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Conjugate These Verbs

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Word Order Tasks

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Word Class, Drag and Drop

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task: Was or Were?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Irregular verbs

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Tasks: Concord

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Ing-form or the Infinitive?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task: Fill in the Adverbs

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Can you find the nouns?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Match Idioms, English - Norwegian

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose Between It and There

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Has or Have?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Articles - Translation

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Capitalize or not when used within a sentence?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Homonyms (spelled alike)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Pronouns, Advanced

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Relative Pronouns 2

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Tricky Words in English - (Spelling)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Some or Any

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Styles of Writing - Tasks

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs, Multiple Choice

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs, Find Synonyms

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Vocabulary

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Restrictive relative clause or not?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Noun, Verb, Adjective or Adverb?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns: Test your knowledge

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Confusables

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Idioms - Multiple Choice

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the correct preposition 3

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the Correct Preposition

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the Correct Preposition

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Adverb or Adjective

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff