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Adverbs/Adverbials

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Words Wordle

Adverb is the name of a word class; adverbial is the name of a clause element (‘setningsledd’). A modifier is part of a clause element.

An adverbial

  • may describe the action expressed in the verb.
    He speaks French fluently.
    She was warmly allowed into the house.
  • may give the speaker’s view on a situation.
    Luckily
    , all the students passed their exams.
    This is obviously not enough
    .
  • may refer to the connection between sentences in a text.
    Furthermore, the team had played an excellent away game.
    Nothing, however, will convince me to change my mind.



A modifier

  • may give the degree of an adjective head.
    The house was extremely nice.
    The captain was badly shaken.
  • may give the degree of an adverb head.
    She speaks Norwegian very well.
    Quite soon, a crowd had gathered outside.

Adverbs in general

Adverbs often end in –ly and are then formed from an adjective:
perfect - perfectly, nice - nicely, probable - probably

Many adverbs have no ending:
often, seldom, never, always

If an adjective ends in –y, the –y turns into an –i when the adjective forms an adverb.
easy - easily, lucky - luckily

Regular comparison

Adverbs consisting of one syllable have the ending –er in the comparative and –est in the superlative.

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
fast faster fastest
hard harder hardest



Adverbs consisting of more than one syllable are compared by using more in the comparative and most in the superlative.

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
nicely more nicely most nicely
quietly more quietly most quietly

Irregular comparison

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
well better best
far farther farthest
far further furthest
badly worse worst
little less least
much more most

Placement

Adverbials that refer to how an action is carried out are placed in front of the main verb or at the end of the clause. Adverbials of frequency are placed in front of the main verb.

  • ‘I like it’, she answered enthusiastically.
  • They slowly walked over to the shop.
  • I seldom go to the cinema


Adverbials that give the speaker’s view of a situation are typically placed first or early in the clause.

  • Luckily, all the students passed their exam.
  • This is obviously not enough.


Adverbials that link the sentences in texts together are placed first or early in the clause.

  • Furthermore, the team had played an excellent game.


Modifiers of adjectives and adverbs are placed immediately in front of the head.

  • The house was extremely nice.
  • Quite soon a crowd had gathered outside.


If the adverbial is a long phrase or clause, it is placed first if it gives the background, the setting for the rest of the clause, but last if it provides the new information. See "the information principle" at 4C - The Clause Level.

How did you recognize your father? I recognised him by his funny walk.

Every Saturday our neighbour washes his car and takes the family for a ride.

Learning content

Working with Grammar

What is core content and additional content?
SubjectEmne

Læringssti

SubjectEmne

Fagstoff

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    Adjectives

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    Positive, Comparative and Superlative of Adjectives

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    Positive, Comparative and Superlative of Adverb

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    Anticipatory IT OR THERE

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    Definite / Indefinite Articles

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    Capital Letters

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    Concord Between Subject and Verbal

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    Concord

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    Indefinite Pronouns and Determiners

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    How to Work with Instructions

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    It or There

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    About Nouns

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    Capital Letters

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    Nouns

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    Pronouns

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    Relative Pronouns

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    Verb Tense

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    Who and Which

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    Word Order

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    Word Order

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    -ing Form of the Verb

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    The -ing Form not Used as a Verb

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    S in Endings

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    To Do-Auxiliary Verb

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    To Do, to Be, to Have

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    The Definite Article: The

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    The Indefinite Articles: A/An

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    Prepositions

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    Adverbs

  • Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Descriptive Language

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Formal and Informal Language

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Working with Projects - Grammar Checklist

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Interrogative Pronouns

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Text Cohesion

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Verbal Nouns (ing-form)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
SubjectEmne

Oppgaver og aktiviteter

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    Can you find the adjectives?

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    Adverb or Adjective

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    Articles (More Advanced)

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    Basic Grammar Terms - Drag and Drop

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    Concord, 2

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    Ing-form or Infinitive, Translation

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    Ing-form or Infinitive

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    It or There, Translation

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    Choose between It and There

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns, Plural or Singular

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    Nouns, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Plural or Singular

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    Plural, Singular or Uncountable?

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    Countables and Uncountables

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    Proper Nouns and Common Nouns 1

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    Proper nouns and common nouns 2

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    Task 1: Prepositions

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    Task 2: Prepositions

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    Reflexive Pronouns

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    Who or Which?

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    Possessive Pronoun Quiz

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    Pronouns, Translation

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    Relative Pronouns 1

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    The Present Continuous (-ing)

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    Verbs: is or are?

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    Conjugate These Verbs

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    Word Order Tasks

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    Word Class, Drag and Drop

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    Task: Was or Were?

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    Irregular verbs

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    Tasks: Concord

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    Ing-form or the Infinitive?

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    Task: Fill in the Adverbs

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    Can you find the nouns?

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    Match Idioms, English - Norwegian

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    Choose Between It and There

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    Has or Have?

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    Articles - Translation

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Capitalize or not when used within a sentence?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Homonyms (spelled alike)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Pronouns, Advanced

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Relative Pronouns 2

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Tricky Words in English - (Spelling)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Some or Any

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Styles of Writing - Tasks

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Phrasal Verbs, Multiple Choice

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Phrasal Verbs, Find Synonyms

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Vocabulary

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Restrictive relative clause or not?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Noun, Verb, Adjective or Adverb?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Nouns: Test your knowledge

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Confusables

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Idioms - Multiple Choice

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Choose the correct preposition 3

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the Correct Preposition

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the Correct Preposition

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Adverb or Adjective

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff