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Concord Between Subject and Verbal

Grammar

Study the sentences below and notice the verb forms in bold type.

  1. American history is relatively short compared to that of nations in other parts of the world.
  2. Americans take great pride in their traditions.
  3. In the minds of most Americans their history dates back to the early days of the 17th century (the 1600s).
  4. The first English colonies were founded on the east coast.
  5. The Spanish settlements in the Southwest are a century older.
  6. The Native Americans can claim a presence on the continent that goes back at least
    35,000 years.

Remember: There must always be concord between the subject and the verbal in English.
In the singular, regular verbs take an –s ending in the 3.person (cf. dates below).
All other regular present tense forms have the base form (cf. take below).
The verb BE has special forms. Study the table below.

  1. American history is ...
  2. Americans take ...
  3. In the minds of most Americans their history dates back...
  4. The first English colonies were founded ...
  5. The Spanish settlements in the Southwest are a ...

Rules of Concord

  • If the subject consists of more than one word, it is the number in the head that determines the concord with the verbal.
  • To decide whether to use the singular or the plural form of the verb, you can try to put in the pronouns it, he, she or they.
  • Instead of American history, you can put in it, which gives is in the present tense.
  • Instead of the first English colonies, you can put in they, which gives were in the past tense.

Learn this system for conjugating normal verbs and the auxiliary verbs (hjelpeverbene) DO, HAVE and BE in the present and past tenses.

Singular or Plural

It is often difficult to determine whether the head of the subject noun phrase is singular or plural:

Quantity

In expressions of quantity we use the singular form, even if the subject is plural:

  • Three multiplied by four equals/is twelve. (it is)
  • Ten miles is about 16 kilometers. (it is)

Words ending with –body/-one

After words like everyone/-body, someone/-body, anyone/-body, no one/-body we always use the singular form of the verb. Each and every in subject position also take the singular form of the verb.

  • Somebody is knocking on the door.
  • Has anyone seen my wallet?
  • Every doctor knows what to do in such circumstances.

There + singular or plural?

When we use there as an anticipatory subject in the beginning of a sentence, there must be concord between the verb and the following noun.

  • There is only one car in the parking lot.
  • There are many cars in the parking lot.

Learning content

Working with Grammar

What is core content and additional content?
SubjectEmne

Læringssti

SubjectEmne

Fagstoff

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Adjectives

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Positive, Comparative and Superlative of Adjectives

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Positive, Comparative and Superlative of Adverb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Allegory

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Alliteration

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Anticipatory IT OR THERE

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Definite / Indefinite Articles

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Assonance

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Capital Letters

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Concord

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Indefinite Pronouns and Determiners

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    How to Work with Instructions

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    It or There

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Metaphor and Simile

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    About Nouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Capital Letters

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Nouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Pronouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Relative Pronouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Verb Tense

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Who and Which

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Word Order

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Word Order

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    -ing Form of the Verb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The -ing Form not Used as a Verb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    S in Endings

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    To Do-Auxiliary Verb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    To Do, to Be, to Have

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Definite Article: The

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Indefinite Articles: A/An

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Prepositions

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Adverbs

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Adverbs/Adverbials

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Descriptive Language

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Formal and Informal Language

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Working with Projects - Grammar Checklist

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Interrogative Pronouns

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Text Cohesion

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Verbal Nouns (ing-form)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
SubjectEmne

Oppgaver og aktiviteter

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Can you find the adjectives?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Adverb or Adjective

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Articles (More Advanced)

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Basic Grammar Terms - Drag and Drop

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Concord, 2

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Ing-form or Infinitive, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Ing-form or Infinitive

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    It or There, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose between It and There

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns, Plural or Singular

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Plural or Singular

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Plural, Singular or Uncountable?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Countables and Uncountables

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Proper Nouns and Common Nouns 1

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Proper nouns and common nouns 2

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task 1: Prepositions

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task 2: Prepositions

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Reflexive Pronouns

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Who or Which?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Possessive Pronoun Quiz

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Pronouns, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Relative Pronouns 1

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    The Present Continuous (-ing)

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Verbs: is or are?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Conjugate These Verbs

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Word Order Tasks

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Word Class, Drag and Drop

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task: Was or Were?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Irregular verbs

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Tasks: Concord

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Ing-form or the Infinitive?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task: Fill in the Adverbs

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Can you find the nouns?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Capitalize or not when used within a sentence?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Homonyms (spelled alike)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Pronouns, Advanced

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Relative Pronouns 2

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Tricky Words in English - (Spelling)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Some or Any

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Styles of Writing - Tasks

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs, Multiple Choice

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs, Find Synonyms

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Vocabulary

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Restrictive relative clause or not?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Noun, Verb, Adjective or Adverb?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns: Test your knowledge

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff