Skip to content

  1. Home
  2. EngelskChevronRight
  3. Working with GrammarChevronRight
  4. PronounsChevronRight
SubjectMaterialFagstoff

Fagartikkel

Pronouns

A pronoun is a function word which replaces a noun phrase when the context makes it clear which noun phrase the pronoun refers to, cf. he and they below. The teacher has handed out the essays. He corrected them yesterday.

Pile of beads with imprinted letters. Photo.

Used correctly, pronouns shorten the text and make it easier to read. It is, however, important not to use pronouns with unclear reference. Here is a bad example because we do not know what it refers to.

When I crashed my car into the one in front of me, it was totally wrecked.

Three classes of pronouns

These lists give the forms of three groups of pronouns: personal, possessive and reflexive.

Personal pronoun

subject form

object form

I

me

you

you

he/she/it

him/her/it

we

us

they

them

Possessive pronouns

mine
yours
his/hers
ours
yours
theirs

Reflexive pronouns

myself
yourself
himself/herself/itself
ourselves
yourselves
themselves

Note: The possessive forms my, your, her, his, our, your and their are used in front of a noun. They are therefore not pronouns, but determiners. List number two shows you that the possessive pronouns have no apostrophe. Reflexive pronouns in the plural take the -selves ending, cf. myself – ourselves.

  • She has got her car in the garage. Where’s yours?
  • I know an old man. He is a friend of mine.
  • My feelings do not matter, but what about hers?
  • His solution to the problem is just as good as theirs.
  • I enjoyed myself at the party.
  • She has bought herself a new dress.


Note: Unlike what is the case in Norwegian, a possessive form is preferred when we talk about people’s belongings or body parts.

I hurt my arm. Put the letter in your pocket. Have you washed your hands? Could you keep an eye on my suitcase?

Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns have a singular form this/that and a plural form these/those.
This/these are used to refer to people, objects and situations that are close to the speaker physically or mentally. That/those are used when people, object or situations are more distant.

  • This book is mine and that’s yours.
  • Those books belong to the library.
  • We don’t think about such things these days
  • Those were the days, my friend, we thought they’d never end.


This and that are commonly used to point to material in texts. In this use they are handy shortening devices, but it must be quite clear what they refer to. Below, that picks up material from the clause before, something like ‘[the fact that I’ll be doing a lot of running] will put me back in shape’.

I’ll be doing a lot of running over the summer. That’ll put me back in shape.

Learning content

Working with Grammar

What is core content and additional content?
SubjectEmne

Læringssti

SubjectEmne

Fagstoff

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Adjectives

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Positive, Comparative and Superlative of Adjectives

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Positive, Comparative and Superlative of Adverb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Anticipatory IT OR THERE

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Definite / Indefinite Articles

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Capital Letters

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Concord Between Subject and Verbal

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Concord

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Indefinite Pronouns and Determiners

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    How to Work with Instructions

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    It or There

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    About Nouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Capital Letters

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Nouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Relative Pronouns

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Verb Tense

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Who and Which

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Word Order

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Word Order

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    -ing Form of the Verb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The -ing Form not Used as a Verb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    S in Endings

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    To Do-Auxiliary Verb

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    To Do, to Be, to Have

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Definite Article: The

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Indefinite Articles: A/An

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Prepositions

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Adverbs

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Adverbs/Adverbials

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Descriptive Language

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Formal and Informal Language

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Working with Projects - Grammar Checklist

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Interrogative Pronouns

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Text Cohesion

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Verbal Nouns (ing-form)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
SubjectEmne

Oppgaver og aktiviteter

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Can you find the adjectives?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Adverb or Adjective

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Articles (More Advanced)

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Basic Grammar Terms - Drag and Drop

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Concord, 2

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Ing-form or Infinitive, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Ing-form or Infinitive

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    It or There, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose between It and There

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns, Plural or Singular

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Plural or Singular

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Plural, Singular or Uncountable?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Countables and Uncountables

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Proper Nouns and Common Nouns 1

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Proper nouns and common nouns 2

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task 1: Prepositions

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task 2: Prepositions

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Reflexive Pronouns

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Who or Which?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Possessive Pronoun Quiz

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Pronouns, Translation

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Relative Pronouns 1

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    The Present Continuous (-ing)

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Verbs: is or are?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Conjugate These Verbs

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Word Order Tasks

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Word Class, Drag and Drop

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task: Was or Were?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Irregular verbs

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Tasks: Concord

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Ing-form or the Infinitive?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task: Fill in the Adverbs

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Can you find the nouns?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Match Idioms, English - Norwegian

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose Between It and There

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Has or Have?

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Capitalize or not when used within a sentence?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Homonyms (spelled alike)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Pronouns, Advanced

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Relative Pronouns 2

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Tricky Words in English - (Spelling)

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Some or Any

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Styles of Writing - Tasks

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs, Multiple Choice

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Phrasal Verbs, Find Synonyms

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Vocabulary

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Restrictive relative clause or not?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Noun, Verb, Adjective or Adverb?

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Nouns: Test your knowledge

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Confusables

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Idioms - Multiple Choice

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the correct preposition 3

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the Correct Preposition

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Choose the Correct Preposition

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Adverb or Adjective

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
    AdditionalTilleggstoff