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An Introduction to Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is the smallest country in the UK. It is a popular tourist destination with its green landscape and numerous opportunities for sports activities.

Belfast City Hall

You can find an easy version of the text here: Northern Ireland - Text in Brief

An Introduction to Northern Ireland

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Introduction to Northern Ireland

(The audio begins with a brief summary of the text)

This is the smallest country in the United Kingdom. Do you know why it is part of the UK and not of the Republic of Ireland?

Belfast. Photo.
Belfast

Northern Ireland consists of six of the nine counties that made up the old Irish province of Ulster. It is small in size, and has approximately 1.8 million inhabitants. Belfast is the capital city.

Settlers from Scotland and England

Northern Ireland has been influenced by settlers from Scotland and England who arrived there in the 17th and 18th centuries. The settlers were Protestants while the original Irish inhabitants were Catholics. This has led to a common belief that the conflicts in Northern Ireland are religious, but they are equally much a matter of the civil rights of a minority group. The influence from mainland Britain also means that Irish music and language traditions may not be as strong as in the Republic, but they are still important.

Creation of Northern Ireland

Ireland was divided in 1922 into the Irish Free State (later the Republic of Ireland) and Northern Ireland, which remained under British rule. The north had a Protestant majority who did not want to become a part of Roman Catholic Ireland. According to the 2001 census, 53.1% of the population in Northern Ireland comes from a Protestant background and 43.8% from a Catholic background.

Giant’s Causeway

Benone Beach. Photo.
Benone Beach on a windy day

Ulster (Northern Ireland) is as green as the rest of Ireland. It has beautiful hills, which “dive” into the ocean and beaches spanning the whole length of its coast. The temperate, damp climate supports the rich green, grass-covered landscape and the lowlands are fertile and suitable for agriculture. The Giant’s Causeway, which is sometimes called the 8th wonder of the world, has lent inspiration to both folk-tales and poetry. It is a geological formation in the sea, with thousands of strange geometrical patterns, and is Northern Ireland’s number one tourist attraction.

There are low mountains, deep valleys and lots of opportunities for outdoor sports. Two of the world’s 20 best golf courses are situated in Northern Ireland. There is a scenic path for walkers, stretching for more than 800 kilometres and there are plenty of opportunities for fishing, either in one of the many lakes (the United Kingdom’s biggest, Lough Neagh, for example) or the deep-sea variety. If you prefer more relaxing activities, there are culture and music festivals. The economy is based on high technology, tourism and service industries.

Tasks and Activities

Oral Activity

While watching the video below, imagine that you are on a holiday in Ireland with a friend. Try to keep a conversation going as long as the video is running. Comment on the things you see. The last person talking has won! Remember to turn the volume down so you will not be disturbed by the original video comments.


Driving in Ireland

Comprehension

Northern Ireland Quiz

Learning content

The British Isles

What is core content and additional content?
SubjectEmne

Fagstoff

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The UK

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    An Introduction to England

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    A Closer Look at England

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    An Introduction to Scotland

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    A Closer Look at Scotland

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    An Introduction to Wales

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    A Closer Look at Wales

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    A Closer Look at Northern Ireland

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    An Introduction to Ireland

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Easy Text - The UK

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Easy Text - An Intro. to England

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    London

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    Liverpool

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    Manchester

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    Cambridge

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    The North - South Divide

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    The Faces of London

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    Easy Text - An intro. to Scotland

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    Braveheart

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    Bobby - the Faithful Dog from Edinburgh

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    Easy Text - An intro. to Wales

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Easy Text - An intro. to Northern Ireland

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    The Troubles

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    The Troubles, Introduction - Text in Brief

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    The Troubles, History - Text in Brief

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    The Troubles, 1960s to Today - Text in Brief

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    The Orange and the Green

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    Flags in Northern Ireland

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    Dublin

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    Irish Proverbs

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    Molly Malone

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    Frank McCourt: Angela's Ashes

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SubjectEmne

Oppgaver og aktiviteter

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    UK Quiz - General Knowledge

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    England Quiz

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task - Match place and description

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Plan a Holiday in Scotland

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task: Bobby - the faithful dog...

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Wales Quiz

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Northern Ireland Quiz

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Tasks - The Troubles

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task: Molly Malone

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Quiz Molly Malone

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    Edinburgh Castle

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  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Loch Ness

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  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    In the Name of the Father (film)

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SubjectEmne

Kildemateriale

  • SharedResourceDelte ressurser

    The Englishman Who Went Up a Hill and Came Down a Mountain

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