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An Introduction to Scotland

If you know anything about Scotland it is probably kilts, bagpipes or whisky. Or perhaps you are a football fan and have heard of Celtic and Rangers? Can you think of anything else that is typical of Scotland?

Flagget til skottland

You can find an easy version of the text here Scotland - Text in Brief.

An introduction to Scotland

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An introduction to Scotland

(The audio begins with a brief summary of the text)

Utsikt over Loch Ness. Foto.
Scotland, Loch Ness

Geographically, the country can be divided into 3 main parts. The Southern Uplands is an areaof low hills and fertile valleys, where agriculture is important. This area merges with the plain of the more industrial Central Lowlands, which in turn gives way to the fast-flowing rivers, quiet lochs and picturesque mountains of the Highlands in the north. The Highlands are mountainous and sparsely populated; in fact one of the least populated regions in Europe. In the far north, Scotland’s beauty culminates in the islands of the Hebrides, the Orkneys and the Shetlands. The country has a total of 790 islands and a population of 5.1 million. The two largest cities are situated in Central Scotland; Edinburgh, the capital, in the east and Glasgow, the largest, in the west.

The economy is based on the following industries: high technology; financial; tourism; oil; hydroelectric power; salmon; forestry; sheep farming.

Scotland and Norway

There are strong similarities between many parts of Scotland and Norway, especially north-west Scotland with its mountains and fiords. Close ties have always existed between the two countries. Norwegian vikings settled on the islands of the north and west and evidence of Norwegian settlement is found in place names like Wick, Thurso and Shetland.

The Scots use many words from Norse, for example, kirk (kirke), bairn (barn) and gate (gate). Scots is a separate language from English with different vocabulary and grammar, but most people in Scotland speak Scottish Standard English. Gaelic, a Celtic language, is still spoken mainly in the north and west of Scotland, but the number of speakers is decreasing despite efforts to preserve it.

A man tossing a caber. Photo.
Tossing the caber

Bagpipes, Music and Fun Sports

Scotland has strong and vibrant poetry and musical traditions where the fiddle, accordion and of course the bagpipes are used. The latter possibly only appreciated by the Scots themselves!

Scots are also proud of their national sports like golf, curling and tossing the caber. Then there is the kilt, the national costume, which is worn only by men. Traditionally, it was made from woollen material in your clan’s tartan, but modern kilts come in many forms and materials. The film, Braveheart, helped to increase the popularity of the kilt.

Tasks and Activities

Comprehension

Research

  1. There are many similarities between Norway and Scotland. Make a list comparing the two countries in terms of trade, population, size, climate, scenery etc.
    Use websites like: The World Factbook to find facts and figures.
  2. Who is Braveheart? Use the Internet to find out. Why has he become such an important Scottish icon?

Return to Scotland Resources - Overview

Suggested Further Activity

A Closer Look at Scotland

Learning content

The British Isles

What is core content and additional content?
SubjectEmne

Fagstoff

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The UK

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    An Introduction to England

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    A Closer Look at England

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    A Closer Look at Scotland

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    An Introduction to Wales

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    A Closer Look at Wales

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    An Introduction to Northern Ireland

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    A Closer Look at Northern Ireland

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    An Introduction to Ireland

  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Easy Text - The UK

    Additional content is a subject that is not on the curriculum
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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Easy Text - An Intro. to England

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    London

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Liverpool

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    Manchester

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Cambridge

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The North - South Divide

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Faces of London

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Easy Text - An intro. to Scotland

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    AdditionalTilleggstoff
  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Braveheart

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    AdditionalTilleggstoff
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    Bobby - the Faithful Dog from Edinburgh

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Easy Text - An intro. to Wales

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Easy Text - An intro. to Northern Ireland

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Troubles

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Troubles, Introduction - Text in Brief

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Troubles, History - Text in Brief

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    The Troubles, 1960s to Today - Text in Brief

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    The Orange and the Green

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Flags in Northern Ireland

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Radio Play: Into Exile

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Dublin

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Irish Proverbs

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    Molly Malone

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  • SubjectMaterialFagstoff

    Frank McCourt: Angela's Ashes

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SubjectEmne

Oppgaver og aktiviteter

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    UK Quiz - General Knowledge

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    England Quiz

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task - Match place and description

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Plan a Holiday in Scotland

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task: Bobby - the faithful dog...

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Wales Quiz

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Northern Ireland Quiz

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Tasks - The Troubles

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Tasks: Into Exile

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Task: Molly Malone

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Quiz Molly Malone

  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Edinburgh Castle

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  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    Loch Ness

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  • TasksAndActivitiesOppgaver og aktiviteter

    In the Name of the Father (film)

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SubjectEmne

Kildemateriale

  • SharedResourceDelte ressurser

    The Englishman Who Went Up a Hill and Came Down a Mountain

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  • There is no core content available for kildemateriale.