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National Holidays and Traditions

How many US national holidays can you name? In which month are they held? Which holiday do you think is the biggest?

4th of July Parade

Independence Day

On the fourth of July, America celebrates its birthday, Independence Day. This day is in remembrance of 1776 when the thirteen colonies declared their independence from Britain. The Declaration was written a year after the start of the American Revolutionary War and marks the beginning of a new nation, the USA.

This day often marks the official start of summer vacation. And what better way to start off the summer than with a good old American barbeque (cook out). Americans light up their grills, throw on the hot dogs and hamburgers and enjoy the afternoon with family and friends. For most, the day begins with attending a local Fourth of July parade and ends with a dazzling fireworks display. As fireworks are illegal in most states, cities and towns organize their own shows for the local community to safely enjoy. It is an evening where people come together, young and old, pull out their blankets and beach chairs and enjoy the happiness of the evening.

Labor Day

Just as July 4th marks the beginning of summer, Labor Day weekend brings it to a close. Labor Day is the first Monday in September. It is a day to recognize workers in America. Unlike other European countries who mark the day with parades, speeches and political demonstrations, Labor Day in the US is celebrated similarly to the Fourth of July with picnics, cook outs, baseball and other outdoor festivities. For most, it is a last chance to enjoy the summer vacation. Most college students start packing their bags and begin their trek back to campuses around the country, while families with school-age children are out shopping for ” back-to-school supplies” in preparation for their first day of school.

Other National Holidays and Traditions

Martin Luther King Day

Other national holidays that top the list are Thanksgiving, Easter, Christmas and the New Year celebration. National holidays and traditions are also celebrated among the various ethnic groups. To name a few, the Irish celebrate St. Patrick’s Day, the Italians honor various patron saints, the Jewish have Passover, Rash Hashanah, Yom Kippur, and Hannukkah and the Germans recognize Octoberfest as a day of feast.

Other holidays which are more a day of remembrance include Martin Luther King Jr’s birthday (January), Presidents Day (February), Memorial Day (May), to honor those who have died in wars, Columbus Day (October), and Veterans Day (November), formerly called Armistice Day which honors ALL veterans both living and deceased. Many federal and state offices, schools and varied businesses are closed. Local newspapers notify of public closings for the day.

Halloween and St. Valentine’s Day

You may be asking yourself, what about Halloween and St. Valentine’s Day? These are not national holidays, but events celebrated in various ways by young and old. They stem from old traditions that began back in time and have evolved into millions of dollars of revenue for store owners. From scary and funny costumes, to roses, chocolates and cards, the traditions keep growing and spreading. To the dismay of some, even countries like Norway have jumped aboard.

Tasks and Activities


  1. How do most Americans celebrate the fourth of July?
  2. What is Labor Day and how is the celebration different than other European countries?
  3. Name four other national holidays?
  4. Name two days of remembrance and which month they occur?

True or False

National Holidays and Tradition - True or False

Further Reading



Halloween and/or Valentine's Day Research

  1. Find out its origin/history.
  2. How did this tradition develop over time?
  3. How is it celebrated today?
  4. How much revenue does the tradition produce for businesses?
  5. Which other countries than the USA celebrate this tradition?

Learning content

Literature, culture and society

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