Subject Material

Future Jobs and Technologies

Published: 02.02.2011, Updated: 04.03.2017
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Pre-reading Activity

Sit in groups of twos and discuss:

  • What do you consider the perfect job of the future?
  • How many years of schooling would you be willing to invest to achieve your goals?
  • Is taking more physics, chemistry, biology and maths the only way to save our planet?

deplete, crucial, substance, genetics, embryology, induce, regenerate, tissue, resistant, envirotech, renewable, pictorial



The Future is a Great Place to Work
Watch the video and discuss the following:

  • Rohit Talwar talks about “bringing science to life”. Explain what he means.
  • What industry could you imagine yourself working in?

Future Jobs and TechnologiesAdvancements in science, technologies and trends, have opened the doors to new and exciting job possibilities of the future. What was once considered science fiction has now become reality. Young people preparing for job markets all over the world must be made aware of some of the new work places and work categories which will be available to them in the future. In this way they will be certain to choose the correct subjects and majors in school early. Helping to solve problems of humanity and climate change will become more crucial as populations increase, live longer and deplete the earth's resources.

Within the next 20 years, industries such as nanotechnology, biotechnology, green technology, space, health and new vehicle technology will need specialists, scientists, engineers and technicians to meet the growing challenges and needs of society. The lists of future jobs are long depending on how you divide up the job categories. The following list only mentions a few of the jobs which will be available within the next 20 years.

Nanotechnology in Health

Cadmium sulfide -- a semiconductor material -- can be grown in nanoclusters.Nano Technology
Fotograf: NASA
As the baby boomer generation meets the challenges of old age, the demand for more doctors, nurses, home care aids, massage therapists, and nutritionists will increase. At the same time so will the forms of medical treatment. According to Wikipedia Nanotechnology “is the study of manipulating matter on an atomic and molecular scale”. This new technology will be able to create materials and molecular-scale devices which can be applied to several fields such as the production of energy, electronics, biomaterials and medicine. While nano-medicines will be taylor made to treat each individual patient, nano-medics who specialize in this advanced form of personal healthcare will be greatly needed.


Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves living organisms (microorganisms) Vertical FarmsVertical Farms
Fotograf: Chris Jacobs
such as bacteria or biological subtances in medicine, other technologies and engineering. Biotechnology makes use of biological sciences such as genetics, microbiology, cell culture, molecular biology, biochemistry and embryology, to name a few. One of the sub-disciplines that biotechnology can be broken down into is the medical manufacturing processes, e.g. inducing organisms to produce new drugs or using stem cells to regenerate damaged tissue. Another sub-discipline includes agricultural manufacturing processes, e.g. the development of pest resistant grains or disease resistant animals. A third sub-discipline involves industrial processes, e.g. the production of new chemicals or fuels for vehicles.

Vertical Pharmers


Environmental technology also known as envirotech or green technology applies environmental science to the conservation of the natural environment and its resources. One of its main aims is to limit man's negative impact on the environment. Sub-disciplines include water treatment, resource conservation, soil rehabilitation, forest restauration, air pollution, climate change, waste reduction, recycling and renewable energy.


Information Technology (IT) refers to anything related to computing technologies, such as the development, installation and implementation of computer systems and applications. This incorporates hardware, software and the Internet that are all used to acquire, store, retrieve, transmit and manage information through telecommunications connected to servers and databases. The information may be textual, pictorial (including both still and moving images), vocal or numerical. Several sub-disciplines have developed within IT technology, such as engineering computer hardware or designing software, computer networks, and websites. Another includes programming or coding. Yet another may include network and data administration or management.

Cyber Security Specialist


Choose three jobs you could think of applying for one day and find out what subjects you must take in school to prepare for this goal. Here are two useful sites:



  1. Write a story in which you make up your own fantasy job of the future and explain what it will entail.
  2. Write an article in which you describe what jobs will be important in the future.


What personal qualities and skills do you think will be important in your future career? Do they differ from those that were important to your parents? If so - how?