Subject Material

Australia – the Land “Down Under”

Published: 27.04.2010, Updated: 03.03.2017

In recent years, Australia has really become a backpacker’s paradise. Make a list of items you would take along in your 60-liter backpack.

Group of people behind the australian flag holding up books. Photo.Backpackers in Australia  Thousands of young people long to visit Australia, either to work there for a while or to study. Most backpackers enjoy surfing, diving, snorkeling and basking in the sun on any one of Sydney’s public beaches. An alternative is enjoying the fascinating mixture of European, Asian and true Aboriginal culture that characterizes cities like Sydney or Melbourne.

The World’s Smallest…

Australia is the world’s smallest continent, but at the same time one of the world’s largest countries. 92 % of the 21.7 million inhabitants are of European origin - mostly British and Irish. 7 % are of Asian origin and a mere 1 % is of Aboriginal descent.

The World's Largest...

Uluru mountain. Photo.Uluru - Glowing in the Sunset   
In Australia you can find every kind of landscape and climate imaginable. In the middle of the continent you find the world’s most famous rock - the Uluru. There are deserts, rainforests, mountains and coastlines and last, but not least, the Great Barrier Reef, which extends for about 200 km along the eastern coast of Queensland. This coral reef is the world’s largest structure created by a living organism.


The Great Barrier Reef is the home of hundreds of species of colorful fish, which in turn attract scuba divers and snorkelers by the thousands. If surfing is your cup of tea, this is the ultimate place to visit - in fact, there is an area called Surfer’s Paradise. The only problem is that the Great Barrier Reef also attracts jellyfish and sharks!  An annual surfing regatta is held at Manly Beach in Sydney. Here, 200 surfers participate, but they are advised to be careful. Every year one or two are eaten by the white shark, which mistakes the surfboard for a seal. During the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, a lot of foreign swimmers were afraid to swim in the Sydney harbour basin due to the shark-scare.


Uluru will not be open for tourists to climb anymore. This decision is made based on the fact that this is a sacred place to the Aboriginals. Do you agree that it should be closed?

Oral Task

Invite a friend to backpack with you around Australia. Think about how you can convince him/her to come along. Be persuasive!


Find out what Uluru means to the Aboriginal population.


Study some travel blogs on the Internet, and write your own imaginary blog after "visiting"  Uluru or any other famous tourist sight in Australia.

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