Subject Material

An Introduction to Project Work

Published: 24.06.2014, Updated: 05.03.2017
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An in-depth project is an extensive piece of work and it is important to plan your project and its presentation carefully. Here you will find some tips on how to work with a project. The tips should also be useful for the presentation which is part of the final oral exam.

In a project task you may be given or can choose a broad general topic or the teacher may have narrowed the topic down. In some cases the required competence aims from the English curriculum may be stated, or you may have to find the relevant competence aims yourself. Linking your project to the relevant competence aims is an important part of project work.

The Topic

Find a topic which interests you. Brainstorm ideas with partners, class and teacher.

Choose a broad topic to begin with, e.g. The British Empire.

Narrow it down, but not too narrow e.g. The Legacy of the British Empire.

Decide on your approach to the topic and make a question/statement (thesis statement in the US) to show exactly what you will be investigating in your project, e.g. The legacy of the British Empire is both a gift and a burden for Englsih-speaking countries.

Competence Aims

Which competence aims are you going to include or which aims have been set for the project?

For example in the suggested topic above, some of the competence aims from the curriculum for Social Studies English could be:

  • tolke minst ett større skjønnlitterært verk og en film og et utvalg av annen engelskspråklig litteratur fra 1900-tallet og fram til i dag
  • drøfte spørsmål knyttet til sosiale og økonomiske forhold i noen engelskspråklige land
  • analysere en regional eller internasjonal konflikt der minst ett engelskspråklig land er involvert
  • presentere et større fordypningsarbeid med emne fra samfunnsfaglig engelsk og vurdere prosessen


Research your topic thoroughly using different reliable sources of information, e.g.:

  • course material
  • the Internet
  • encyclopedia
  • books, magazines, journals, newspapers
  • films, documentaries
  • interviews

Evaluate and cite your sources correctly: How to Use, Evaluate and Cite Sources of Information  

Guidelines for Presentation

Your teacher will give you guidelines for your project and the assessment criteria, e.g.

  • type of presentation (written, oral, oral + written, multimedia, group, individual, etc.)
  • length of presentation
  • additional hand-ins (e.g. project log)
  • assessment criteria

Follow the guidelines carefully.

Below, you will find tips for working with different types of presentations:

Oral Presentation

Oral Presentation 

How to Make a Visual Presentation 


Written Project Paper

How to Write a Project Paper 



You may be required to hand in a log of your work on the project as part of the assessment:


and perhaps make a final self-evaluation:

Working with Projects - Self Evaluation 

The following indicate what the teacher may look for when assessing a presentation:

Evaluation Criteria for Project Paper 

Assessment Form for Oral Presentations

Assessment Form for Written Task 




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