Subject Material

Canada – Introduction

Published: 06.02.2010, Updated: 03.03.2017
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Many know that Canadians speak either English or French. But did you know that although Canada only has two official languages, it also recognises many other regional tongues, such as: Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, Cree, Dëne Suliné, Gwich’in, Inuvialuktun, Slavey and Tlicho Yatii?

Introducing Canada
 

Geography

Map over Canada. Illustration.Canada  Canada occupies most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area and shares land borders with the United States to the south and northwest.

History

The land occupied by Canada was inhabited for millennia by various groups    of aboriginal people. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763, after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. It wasn’t until the signing of the Canada Act in 1982, that legal dependence on the British Parliament ended. Canada is a federation comprised of ten provinces and three territories. Here is an animation showing the evolution of Canadian provinces: Canadian Provinces.

Canada Today

Downtown Toronto trough fish-eye lense. Photo.Downtown Toronto  Canada is a parliamentary democracy and  a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its Head of State.It is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages at the federal level.

Technologically advanced and industrialized, Canada maintains a diversified economy that is heavily reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States, with which Canada has had a long and complex relationship. It is a member    of the G8, NATO, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Francophonie, and the United Nations.

 

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