Task

Compare and Explain (Usage)

Published: 20.03.2013
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These sentences look fairly similar, but if you take a closer look, there is a slight difference. Compare the sentences and explain the difference between them.

 

A. He didn’t promise to attend the meeting.
B. He promised not to attend the meeting.

Key

A. There was a chance that he might attend, but he didn't promise to.
B. He made it clear that he would not attend the meeting.

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A. He even admitted that the tax was unfair.
B. He admitted that the tax was even unfair.

Key

A. He went so far as to admit that the tax was unfair.
B. He admitted that the tax in addition to being heavy, was also unfair.

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A. He was used to getting up early.
B. He used to get up early.

Key

A. He didn't mind getting up early. It was routine.
B. When he was younger he had the habit of getting up early.

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A. He must have had a new lock put on the door.
B. He must have a new lock put on the door.

Key

A. Because I can’t get the key to go in the lock. (done in the past)
B. Because his house was broken into by burglars with a false key. (must do now)

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A. I’ll pay you at the end of the month.
B. I’ll pay you by the end of the month.

Key

A. You’ll get the money on January 31st.
B. You’ll get the money some time before the end of January.

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A. He’s sure to be offered the job.
B. He’s sure he’ll be offered the job.

Key

A. Most people think he will be offered the job.
B. He thinks so himself.

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A. We will ship the goods direct.
B. We will ship the goods directly.

Key

A. The goods will go direct / straight from us to you.
B. The goods will be shipped immediately.

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A. I don’t particularly want to see him now.
B. I particularly don’t want to see him now.

Key

A. I don’t feel like seeing him at the moment.
B. I don’t feel like seeing him, especially now.

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A. In vain he tried to prevent the work being done.
B. He tried to prevent the work from being done in vain.

Key

A. He tried to prevent it, but did not succeed.
B. He tried to prevent it from being done to no purpose.

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A. I remembered switching off the hotplate before I left.
B. I remembered to switch off the hotplate before I left.

Key

A. I remember that I did it.
B. I remembered to do it.

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